Germans marks collapse History

in 1923 , Germans literally carted wheelbarrows of cash to pay for groceries


because of post war issues ,  in 1922-1923 , Germans literally carted wheelbarrows of cash to pay for groceries.

World War I began on 28 July 1914 , Between 1914 German papiermark’s rate of exchange against the U.S. dollar was 4.2 mark/dollar and after the end of World War I German papiermark’s rate of exchange against the U.S. dollar was 4.2 trillion mark/dollar.

reason behind the Mark to collapse, The victor nations in World War I decided to assess Germany for their costs  of conducting the war against Germany.In 1921 the total cost of these reparations was assessed at 132 billion Marks (then $31.4 billion or £6.6 billion, roughly equivalent to US $442 billion or UK £284 billion in 2015). Germany started to print Mark , which cause the value of the Mark to collapse.